Protocol ek special set of rules ya niyam(method) hai jo ki do ya do se adhik communicating entities (jaise – local network, internet, intranet etc ) ke end me lagta hai jab unke bich me data exchange ho rha ho.

Aur har entity ke alag Protocol ya niyam hote hai, jo ye batate hai ki kaise me data ko send karna hai, data receive hone pe kya karna ya error kaise check karna hai.

For example – jab hum do ya do se adhik computer ko lan cable ke through data sharing ke liye connect karte hai tab bhi ye protocol hota hai receiving and sending end pe aur tab bhi hota hai jab applications ke bich me data exchange ho rha ho lekin dono hi protocol ek dusre se alag honge.

Some of its types

  • Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
  • Internet Protocol (IP)
  • File Transfer protocol (FTP)
  • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
  • Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) and the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).

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